Sericulture and Silk Textiles Industry is one of the major sub-sector comprising the textiles sector.
Sericulture is an agro-based cottage industry. Sericulture refers to the mass-scale rearing of silk producing organisms in order to obtain silk. Sericulture is an agro-based labour intensive industry.

The different types of silkworm

Tasar Silkworm.
Mulberry Silkworm.
Eri Silkworm.
Muga Silkworm.

The major activities involved in a sericulture industry are:

  • Cultivation of silkworm food plants
  • Rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk
  • Reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament and
  • Other post-cocoon processes such as twisting, dyeing, weaving, printing and finishing.

Sericulture is one of the most labour intensive sectors, combining activities of both agriculture (sericulture) and industry. It is this position along with its immense employment potential, that makes sericulture and silk, indispensable in the Nigerian textile map.

It is the only one cash crop in agriculture sector that gives returns within 30 days. Sericulture emerged as an important economic activity, becoming increasingly popular in several parts of the country, because of its short gestation period, quick recycling of resources. It suits very well to all types of farmers and exceptionally for marginal and small land holders as it offers rich opportunities for enhancement of income and creates own family employment round the year.

The unique advantages of sericulture or silk farming compared with other crops. These advantages include:

  • It is basically a small-scale farmers activity
  • Income per unit area is high.
  • Land requirement is relatively less.
  • Can engage entire family throughout the year.
  • Can take one batch of rearing every month and thus regular cash flow can be obtained.
  • 6. Cassava leafs are easily available.